A WORLD OF IDEAS, 8th Edition

Bedford/St. Martins

Preface

To the Student

Evaluating Ideas: An Introduction to Critical Reading

PART ONE: GOVERNMENT 7

Eugene Delacroix, Liberty Leading the People (Image)

Lao-Tzu, Thoughts from the Tao-te Ching

Niccolò Machiavelli, The Qualities of the Prince

Jean-Jacques Rousseau, The Origin of Civil Society

Thomas Jefferson, The Declaration of Independence

José Ortega y Gasset, The Greatest Danger: The State

Carl Becker, Ideal Democracy

Hannah Arendt, Total Domination

 

PART TWO: JUSTICE 6

Luca Giordano, The Triumph of Justice (Image)

Marcus Tullius Cicero, The Defense of Injustice

Frederick Douglass, from Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave

Henry David Thoreau, Civil Disobedience

Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions

Martin Luther King, Jr., Letter from Birmingham Jail

John Rawls, A Theory of Justice

new PART THREE: THE INDIVIDUAL 5

Caspar David Friedrich, Wanderer above the Sea of Fog (Image)

Ralph Waldo Emerson, Self-Reliance

Eric Durkheim, The Individual and the Intellectuals

W. E. B. DuBois, from The Souls of Black Folk

Ruth Benedict, The Individual and Patterns of Culture

Eric Fromm, The Individual in the Chains of Illusion

PART IV: WEALTH AND POVERTY 5

Henry Osawa Tanner, The Thankful Poor (Image)

Adam Smith, Of the Natural Progress of Opulence (Possible change of text)

Karl Marx, The Communist Manifesto

Andrew Carnegie, The Gospel of Wealth

John Kenneth Galbraith, The Position of Poverty

Robert B. Reich, Why the Rich are Getting Richer and the Poor, Poorer

PART V: MIND 7

Salvator Dali, The Presence of Memory (Image)

Plato, The Allegory of the Cave

René Descartes, Meditation Four

Sigmund Freud, The Oedipus Complex

Carl Jung, The Personal and Collective Unconscious

Howard Gardner, A Rounded Version: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences

Steven Pinker, The Thinking Machine (from How the Mind Works)

V. S. Ramachandran, Neuroscience: the New Philosophy

 

PART VI: NATURE 6

Asher Durand, Kindred Spirits (Image)

Francis Bacon, The Four Idols

Charles Darwin, Natural Selection

Rachel Carson, The Sunless Sea

Stephen Jay Gould, Nonmoral Nature

Michio Kaku, The Mystery of Dark Matter

Francis Fukuyama, Genetic Engineering

PART VII: ETHICS AND MORALITY 5

Joseph Wright, An Experiment on a Bird in the Air Pump (Image)

Aristotle, The Aim of Man

Friedrich Nietzsche, Morality as Anti-Nature

Iris Murdoch, Morality and Religion

Aldo Leopold, The Ethics of Land

Peter Singer & Jim Mason, The Ethics of Eating Meat

newPART VIII: GENDER AND CULTURE 6

Mary Cassatt, In the Loge (Image)

Mary Wollstonecraft, Pernicious Effects Which Arise from the Unnatural Distinctions Established in Society

John Stuart Mill, The Subjection of Women

Virgina Woolf, Shakespeare’s Sister

Margaret Mead, Sex and Temperament

Claude Levi-Strauss, Men Women and Chiefs

Germaine Greer, Masculinity

WRITING ABOUT IDEAS: An Introduction to Rhetoric
INDEX OF RHETORICAL TERMS

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